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Misc Information


 

Miscellaneous

 Less than 5% reach target weight in a weight loss program.

Body contains 700 skeletal and voluntary muscles Body contains 206 bones, 22 in the skull.

20% over your weight is considered obese.

70% of Americans ore obese.

85% who lose weight, gain it back.

30% who join a weight loss program quit after 12 weeks.

The average young American is 10lb heavier now than in the last decade, fast foods, lack of exercise ect is the cause.

With baby boomers getting older medical costs are going to skyrocket.

Excess dietary intake causes: heart disease, diabetes, and strokes.

The three E's = Educate Eradicate Energize The four D's = Delay, wait 10 minutes Distance, leave environment Distract, exercise, ect.

Signs of Obesity

Because of safety concerns, the Federal Aviation Administration has instructed the airlines to add ten (10) pounds to approved passenger weights.

When administering vaccines and drawing blood, doctors now need longer needles to penetrate thicker layers of fat on American bodies.

Almost 25% of women in their 50's are too large to have their body-fat measured with a traditional skinfold caliper.Liposuction is the most commonly performed cosmetic sugical procedure in the U.S. - increasing 118% between 1997 and 2001

Over the last decade, diabetes rates rose 60% in the U.S. (over half of diabetes cases are due to overweight, poor diet and physical inactivity.)

Today's size 10 was sold as a women's size 14 in the 1940's.The Gap, Limited Too and Target are selling plus-sized clothes for youth

Plus-sized boutique Lane Bryant is expected to increase its number of stores from 650 to 1,000 over the next five years. Catherine's Plus Sizes is projected to increase from 470 to 700 stores. The plus-size clothing market generates $23 billion in sales each year, accounting for a quarter of women's clothing sales.

Nike changed the size scale for it's women's fitness apparel. A small sports bra used to fit a woman with a 33-inch to 35-inch bust. Now it fits a 35- to 37-inch bust.

One of the reasons the Boston Red Sox decided to rebuild the legendary Fenway Park was that the seats were too narrow for today's baseball fans. The seats in the new ballpark are 4 inches wider.

 

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis, which means “porous bones” is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone strength, leading to bone fragility and an increased risk of fracture. An estimated 1.5 million fractures occur each year in the United States as a result of low bone mass, with someone suffering a hip fracture approximately every two minutes. Americans age 50 and older have almost a 40 percent chance of suffering an osteoporotic fracture. Thus one in three people - about 90 percent of them women - will suffer a fracture related to low bone mass.

While there is no cure for osteoporosis a combination of genetic, dietary, age related, hormonal, and lifestyle factors help determine an individuals potential risk for the disease. Preventive measures include altering lifestyle factors, such as nutrition and exercise, and in some cases, hormone replacement. Clearly the best time to implement prevention strategies is in adolescence and young adulthood when peak bone mass is achieved. Between the age of 30 and 50, reducing the rate of age - related bone loss with lifestyle modification is essential. Following menopause and into the seventh decade and beyond, individuals should strive to reduce their risk of falling by maximizing home safety and implementing a carefully designed exercise program.

The types of exercise that are most beneficial to bone are those that sufficiently overload bone using high-force magnitude rather than a high number of low-force repetitions. High-force magnitude can be produced through direct impact loading of bone, as with jumping, or through strong muscular contraction that bend bone, as with weight lifting. Non-weight bearing non-impact exercise such as swimming does not sufficiently overload bone to increase bone formation or to slow down bone loss. Similarly, weight-bearing exercises that are not significantly from daily loading patterns such as walking, also do not provide a stimulus for new formation.

 

Understanding Panic Attacks

A panic attack is a brief seizure of terror characterized by any or all of the following; fast, shallow breathing; raised heart rate and blood pressure; dizziness; sweating; palpitation; trembling and muscle aches. The most frightening part of the attack is that you feel as though you are going crazy and have “lost control.” Although symptoms last for just a few minutes and are not physically damaging, they can be very frightening.

Panic disorders affect about 1.5% of the population, mainly adults over the age of 16, and can strike both confident and nervous people alike.

They can occur when a person is suffering from depression; when the depression lifts, so do the panic attacks. But others may have a chronic panic disorder, which means they have a physiological or chemical imbalance that requires a combination of drug and “de-sensitizing” therapies conducted by a qualified psychiatrist or psychotherapist.Recognizing the “trigger”

De-sensitizing therapy is a method used to help panic attack victims face their fear and it’s trigger. By experiencing the trigger repeatedly, the sufferer gets used to it, eliminating the anxiety of anticipating an attack and the out-of-control feeling that makes panic attacks so frightening. For example, if driving triggers your panic, then therapists will take you driving for short periods, reassuring you of your safety until you accept that the trigger wont harm you. Thus, you learn to manage your anxiety and fear and to keep calm during the panic attack.Look on the bright side

The stresses of work, home and society can all weigh heavily, and rates of anxiety disorders are higher in more technologically advanced societies.

Panic attacks may have an underlying psychological cause, but quite often it is also due to a chemical imbalance. A psychiatrist or psychotherapist may prescribe antidepressants and/or drugs called “beta-blockers.” Beta-blockers inhibit the nerve that signals an increase in heart rate, and thus help you remain calm and ease the “fight-or-flight” instinct that contributes to a panic attack.

This kind of drug therapy, combined with a supervised de-sensitization program, can dramatically change the way you perceive the world and your fears, and can help you lead a perfectly normal life.

 

Easing Tension Headaches

Tension headaches, sometimes known as muscle contraction headaches, are most common types of head pain. Often experienced when under mental and/or physical stress, the headaches are felt as diffuse pain over the top of the head or the back of the neck, or like a tight band around the head. These sensations are caused by a tightening of the muscles in the neck, scalp and face, which puts pressure on blood vessels and nerves. The constriction and contraction of blood vessels in the scalp may also contribute to the pain.

Tension headaches tend to develop when the sufferer is tired, and may last anywhere from half and hour to several days. Although less intense than migraines, tension headaches can become a long-term, chronic problem.

Fortunately, tension headaches are the easiest type to treat. Over-the-counter medication can give effective short-term relief, but for the long term, the answer lies with the sufferer. Overmedication can harm your stomach and even increase the severity and frequency of tension headachs. It may be a matter of lifstyle changes, or defining and resolving cognitive and behavioral problems.Main causes of tension headaches

External factors may be responsible: in urban enviornments, exhaust fumes and trafic noise combine to be a common cause.

Stress from work or relationship problems is a persistent offender: the resulting “fight or flight” reactions lead to facial followed by head tension.

Intense focusing at a computer screen, without regular breaks, result in both eye and muscle strain. Even TV can be the culprit.

Loud and especially continual noise causes neck and jaw muscle tension, followed by head tension.Other common causes to watch for:

Unhealthy habits, from poor posture to skipped meals; foods with nitrites; grinding teeth or chewing gum; general anxieties and depression (leading to postural tension); fatique (too little or too much sleep)